Picturing the Revolution
Updated: Mar 6, 2021
Typing the words “French Revolution” into a Google search will produce a message something like this: “about 45,100,000 results (0.44 seconds).” So doing a Google search for just about anything you come across in Nightfall in Paris will give you lots to read. Here are some sites that might help you picture the Revolution, too.
Paintings by Jacques Louis David:
“The Brutus” or The Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of his Sons (1789). This was the work at the center of a sensational Louvre exhibit in the summer of 1789. (Guests at the Duchess' New Year's Eve party discuss it. It is the subject matter of Sophie's ill-fated trip to the theater.) Khan Academy has a wonderful short video about the painting at https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/neo-classicism/v/david-the-lictors-returning-to-brutus-the-bodies-of-his-sons-1789
Tennis Court Oath (1790): David captures the euphoria of the moment (Theo describes witnessing it), and this site identifies many of the important French Revolutionary figures in the composition: http://pages.uoregon.edu/dluebke/301ModernEurope/TennisCourtOath.html
Portrait of Antoine-Laurent and Marie-Anne Lavoisier (1788): an arresting double portrait of the great French chemist and his talented wife (Sophie meets them at Marguerite's salon) at ahttp://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/his/CoreArt/art/neocl_dav_lavois.html
The March of the Women of Paris on Versailles (1789) One can imagine marching with these fierce women David sketches at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_March_on_Versailles#/media/File:Women%27s_March_on_Versailles01.jpg
Paintings by Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Vigée Le Brun painted over thirty portraits of the queen and the royal family. Perhaps the most poignant is The Portrait of Marine-Antoinette and her Children (1787). A year after they sat for the portrait, her youngest child, Sophie, died. The artist painted her out of the picture—the image of her dead child was too painful for the Queen. The portrait shows a second tragedy yet to come: the Dauphin, Louis-Joseph who points to the empty crib, dies two years later in 1789. At https://www.wikiart.org/en/louise-elisabeth-vigee-le-brun/marie-antoinette-and-her-children-1787
Scroll down to view the same artist’s famous portrait of Marie-Antoinette with a rose.
Louis-Léopold Boilly’s Portrait of a Sans-culottes (1792) is the classic image of the working class man—wearing his long pants sans (without) the aristocratic knee pants. He carries a patriotic banner and has the required revolutionary cockade pinned to his hat at http://the-athenaeum.org/art/full.php?ID=79646
West Tympanum of Notre Dame de Paris: “The Last Judgment.” In chapter 4, Therese reacts to the work. This site allows you to click on the images to see the details. At
This site is wonderful virtual tour of the Palace from its beginnings as a hunting chateau to its transformation into Europe’s most splendid royal residence at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X235vpOToVU&list=PL7B521ACA91DFB3C9&index=6
Take a virtual tour of the gardens of Versailles at
What happened to Versailles after the royal family was forced to leave? Find out at